Now Pudge wants to do some operations on the hook.
Let us number the consecutive metallic sticks of the hook from 1 to N. For each operation, Pudge can change the consecutive metallic sticks, numbered from X to Y, into cupreous sticks, silver sticks or golden sticks.
The total value of the hook is calculated as the sum of values of N metallic sticks. More precisely, the value for each kind of stick is calculated as follows:
For each cupreous stick, the value is 1.
For each silver stick, the value is 2.
For each golden stick, the value is 3.